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ANU RANI DEVI
Dr. (Ms) Anu Rani
Devi is Assistant Professor in Assames at a govt.-aided college in Guwahati
(Assam). She has to
her credit several literary articles published in leading newspapers &
magazines. Her book 'Dulal Das's Ekuru Geet Aru Samajik Abhibakti'
has been published recently. She is currently engaged in research work on
the topic "Novel of Tribal Backdrop in Assamese)
Novel of Tribal Backdrop in Assamese
(Synopsis of the Paper)
A considerable contribution has been made by the novels of
tribal setting to the rich treasure of Assamese Novel. In the last part of the
ninetieth century Assamese novel took inception in the hand of Padmanath Gohain
Barua, Lakshminath Bezbarua and it reached in perfection by the keen efforts of
Rajanikanta Bordoloi, known as Scott in Assamese literature.
Assam is a land of many ethnic groups and most of them are tribal people living in plain and hill area. They have their own customs and traditions along with an indigenous cultural traits. A large part of Assamese novel are written on the peculiar life style of tribal people in a very accurate manner since its inception. Thereby they also assume the form of the novel of local colour.
Rajanikanta Bordoloi, the great novelist of Assam wrote his first novel ‘Miri Jiori’ basing on the Missing tribes of Assam. The life style of Missing people has been depicted here in a very faithfull manner. The story, character and setting have become appealing to the reader because of its proper treatment against backdrop of proper setting. A love story of a pair of lovers of Missing community has been described with a pathetic strain. The misery occurred in the life of these two lovers come as a result of tribal beliefs and customs. Among with the story, the different festivals of the Missing people find an artistic expression in the hand of this great novelist.
The modern novelist also take interest in betraying Missing life in their novels. The worth mentioning name in this regard are Tarun Pamegan, Bishnu Prasad Radha, Bhaben pegu, Ganesh Pagu, Jatin Mipun etc. They have analysed the tribe from different angles in a very accurate manner as most of them belong to that community.
There are also some novels depiting the life of Naga people as they were the integral part of undivided Assam. ‘Yiruingam’ by Dr. Birendra Kumar Bhattacharya which begged the Sahitya Akademy Award portrays the life of Naga people. The novel manifests the political and social upheaval among the Naga people after independence. Kailash Sarma’s ‘Bidrohi Nagar Hatar’ and ‘Anami Nagini’ are the other novels on Naga people. Some writers of this community regularly contributed short fiction to Assamese magazine ‘Awahan’. But they paid no head to the woes and sufferings of the Naga people as it was depicted by Assamese writer. Perhaps it becomes possible only for the inspiration they have derived from the great novelist like Rajanikanta Bordoloi.
The triabl life of Arunachal Pradesh has been accurately depicted by Lummer Dai a novelist of the community. ‘Paharar Sile Sile’, ‘Prithivir Hahi’, ‘Mon aru Mon’ are some of his outstanding novels written on the life of Arunachal Pradesh. The Akademy awardee writer from Arunachal Pradesh Yesa Dorje Thagshi write some novel in Assamese basing on tribal people. His worth mentioning novels are ‘Sanam’, ‘Mouna Oath Mukhar Hridoy’ etc. He writes mainly on the life style of Cherduckpan, who are Budhist. The ceremony of Budhism find find in place in his novel.
The Garo people belongs to Meghalaya have become the subject of the novels of Pasupati Bharadwaj, a most outstanding novelist of Assam. ‘Simsangar Duti Par’, ‘Uranta Meghar Cha’ are some of his novels written on Garo people. Swarna Bora also writers novel against the same backdrop. ‘Chimshang Nadir Hahit’ is her best novel. Boro and Rabha are other aboriginals of Assam. Some novels have also been written on these tribes. They include Umakanta Sarma’s ‘Bharanda Pakhir Jak’, Rajen pums ‘Janang Jinong’, Nagendra Nath Barua’s ‘Gajao Dicha’, Swarna Bora’s Diyung Nadir Geet’. Etc.
Khasis are also one of the largest group of hill tribes lived near Assam. Some Assamese novels are also written on them. Amulya Barua wrote a beautiful novel ‘Ukhun Janga’ on this tribe. A trifle incident of day to day life has been transformed into a remarkable story by his creative dexterity.
Karbi people are inhabitants of Assam. They have their own cultural identity which is best manifested in the novel of Rong Bong Terang, a novelist of outstanding merit from this community. ‘Rangmilir Hahi’, a novel by Terang bagged Sahitya Akademy award for its universal appeal. Jayanta Rongpi’s ‘Puwate Ajak Dhanesh’, Jadeb Phukan’s ‘Makkri’, ‘Kengwat Kachedang’, Parmananda Rajbanshi’s ‘Unmilir Prithivi’ are some of the worth mentioning novels on the Karbi life.
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